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Alopecia: Signs, Symptoms and Causes

Alopecia: Signs, Symptoms and Causes

What is Alopecia?

If you are going through extreme hair loss or pulling out hair bundles while brushing your hair, you may be suffering from Alopecia. Stay on this article to learn more about Alopecia, commonly known as hair loss, and know the causes and symptoms. 

Alopecia is a clinical term for hair loss. It is an immune system issue that causes hair to fall. Alopecia, or hair loss, occurs in a person of any age, which can be permanent or temporary. 

Alopecia Areata is a condition where hair fall occurs in a patchy and circular pattern. Most people consider it as mild and unnoticeable. However, total hair loss can happen in the scalp in some cases, known as Alopecia Totalis. And in severe cases, hair loss can happen all over the body, known as Alopecia Universalis

What are the Signs of Alopecia?

  • Excessive hair in your drain or brush 
  • Thinning of your hair and ponytail 
  • Thinning of eyelashes, brows and beard 
  • Subsiding hairline that turns out to be more noticeable as time passes
  • Losing patches of hair suddenly 
  • Small white dents on fingernails

What are the Symptoms of Alopecia?

It has been examined that the occurrence of Alopecia is common during winter, especially in October, November and January. The condition of Alopecia does not cause any painful experiences; however, some cases cause a tingling sensation, shivering and itching on the skin right before hair loss. Alopecia is rare to have several symptoms besides these mentioned effects. 

If you suffer from Alopecia, your hair will grow in bald spots and fall out in another spot. In addition, people suffering from Alopecia Universalis will experience a change of colour in their fingernails and turn very fragile and break. 

What Causes Alopecia?

Alopecia happens when leukocytes or white blood cells attack the cells in hair follicles, making them recoil and drastically delays hair growth. The most well-known reason for hair loss is a genetic condition that occurs with maturing. It typically happens continuously and is predictable – bald spots and subsiding hairline in men and thinning of hair on the scalp in ladies.

See Also
How to Revive Dried, Damaged and over-Dyed Hair?

Hair loss can also be caused due to specific medications, for example, drugs used for cancer, joint inflammation, depression, heart issues, gout and hypertension.

Other Causes of Alopecia are:

  • Hormonal change 
  • Anemia 
  • Bacterial diseases of the scalp 
  • Extreme blow-drying and shampooing 
  • Bacterial infection and ringworm of the scalp
  • Hair pulling and scratching of scalp 

Hair loss is common in most people regardless of gender and age. However, if you are worried or have concerns, consult a doctor and get it treated. 

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Courtesy of Dr. Gary Linkov: City Facial Plastics



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