A Free Radical is a molecule that is produced every day in our body due to the biological reactions that occur in cells. One of the significant damages in skin cells, causing premature skin ageing, is the well-known Free Radicals. In health, “Free Radicals” are often spoken of; this term is used when talking about diet, skin ageing and various diseases.
What do Free Radicals do to our skin?
Free Radicals attack collagen and elastin, causing a loss of elasticity and firmness, which leads to the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, that is, the ageing of the skin. Two factors can produce Free Radicals; endogenous factors such as stress, cellular dehydration, or excessive physical exercise and exogenous factors such as solar radiation (the most common), air pollution and tobacco, among others.
How to avoid Free Radicals?
Antioxidants are substances in charge of neutralizing Free Radicals and protecting us against their damaging action on cells. Antioxidants can be found in certain foods. Basically, they are vitamins (natural antioxidants).
Where can we find these antioxidants?
Antioxidants are present in certain foods; basically, they are vitamins and minerals such as:
- Polyphenols predominate in grapes and red wine.
- Vitamin E present in grape seed oil, olive oil, nuts, fruits and vegetables (broccoli, asparagus, spinach, avocado ..)
- Vitamin C is generally found in citrus fruits such as orange or lemon, but we also find it in some vegetables such as bell peppers.
- Beta-carotene, or Provitamin A, belong to the carotenes family. We find them in yellowish, reddish or orange fruits and vegetables such as carrots, tomatoes and squash.
- Minerals such as Copper and Zinc facilitate collagen and elastin synthesis and promote cell renewal, elasticity, and skin tone, respectively.
How to prevent the harmful effect of Free Radicals?
To prevent and reduce the harmful effect of the uncontrolled production of Free Radicals in our body, adopting specific simple measures based on a suitable lifestyle that includes the consumption of appropriate foods, avoiding tobacco, alcohol and sun protection can minimise the production of Free Radicals.